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Subjective Well-Being, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Ratings: A Comparison of Healthy and Unhealthy Students

Mehrdad Mazaheri

Dept. of Psychology, University of Sistan & Baluchestan, Iran

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Keywords: WHOQOL-BREF, DASS, health, satisfaction, depression, anxiety, stress


In order to compare the mean score of healthy and unhealthy students on the overall life satisfaction, satisfaction in specific domains of life, and negative feelings of depression, anxiety and stress ratings, a sample of 213 volunteering students–divided into two groups, healthy (N=118) and unhealthy (N=95)–were asked to complete the Iranian versions of the WHOQOL-BREF and the Depression Anxiety Stress (DASS-42) Scales.
Our results indicated that the mean score for all satisfaction ratings (QoL, DOM1, DOM2, DOM3, and DOM4) were found higher in healthy than unhealthy students. Moreover, mean score for the three emotional states of stress, anxiety and depression were found higher in unhealthy than healthy students. Finally, a significant correlation was found among all
satisfaction and negative emotion ratings.
In conclusion, the results of current study indicated that the people evaluated on their quality of life and satisfaction in different domains of life, can be related to their health status. Moreover, the WHOQOL-BREF and DASS-42 were suitable tools in assessing the positive and negative components of subjective well-being.



Subjective well-being is commonly discussed in the psychology literature in terms of happiness, quality of life, and life satisfaction, although these constructs vary somewhat in definition. Some authors define Qol in terms of life satisfaction or
satisfaction of needs (e.g., Campbell, Converse, & Rogers, 1976), or as “a person’s sense of well-being that stems from satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the areas of life that are important to him/her” (Becker,Diamond, & Sainfort, 1993).
Subjective well-being is composed of several components, including global life satisfaction, contentment with specific life
domains, the presence of frequent positive affect (pleasant moods and emotions), and a relative absence of negative affect (unpleasant moods and emotions).


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